Stinesville is half an hour from Bloomington, Indiana, in the northwestern corner of Monroe County. The turn north toward Stinesville is close to McCormick's Creek State Park. You drive on North Stinesville Road through fields, past old farmhouses and a quarry, and then the road bends and you are on Main Street. There are several old downtown structures, some with boarded-up windows, and a couple soda machines next to the sidewalk. There is a banner stretched over the street advertising a fall festival, the Stinesville Stone Quarry Festival.
If you are driving north, the school is on your right, but first you see the signs. Some have been printed; some are handmade. "Save Stinesville Elementary," and "WE NEED OUR SCHOOL...a message from our kids" they say. On this night, October 18, 2017, despite the sleepy look of the downtown street, there is nothing sleepy about school's parking lot. It is jam packed. Inside, the gym is full of people, filling the folding chairs that have been set on the floor, and squeezing into the bleachers. Many are wearing red. There are parents with young children, teenagers, and plenty of older people too. There are police officers in uniform. There is a man in khakis and a black shirt, who appears to have several guns in holsters attached to his leg. No one seems surprised or concerned about this. He is the town marshal.
In front of the crowd, the school board members sit at long tables, their names on placards in front of them, and superintendent Mike Wilcox begins his explanation of why the Richland-Bean Blossom school corporation is considering closing Stinesville Elementary School and busing all children in the rural area to the central campus in Ellettsville, population 6,600, six miles away. The central campus has a large primary school, intermediate school, middle school, and high school. Superintendent Wilcox shows a PowerPoint about the work of the long-range planning committee and its considerations: quality, brand, needs and wants, absolutes, HVAC and ADA compliance. Many needs have been identified in the high school athletics area. Declining enrollment and increased operating costs for Stinesville Elementary make its long-term viability uncertain, he says.
The formal language, the need for fiscally defensible decisions, the imbalance between the cost-per-child at Stinesville versus the cheaper cost-per-child in town, are not going to persuade this crowd, and the superintendent does not seem to expect them to.
In closing, he leaves the PowerPoint. "I get the heartfelt, sentimental side of this. I grew up in a quarry town like Stinesville. It was the heart of the community. People have asked me, Do you understand what closing a school does to a small town? Yes, I understand. Nine out of ten small towns whose schools close dry up. That makes this agonizing as I put together a recommendation for the board to consider. I get that side of it very, very clearly." He pauses. "I did not come here as a superintendent intending to stand in front of you tonight."
There is a larger context to what is happening in Stinesville, and it has to do with a concept that Indiana's lawmakers have embraced, with waves of legislation that started small in 2001 and then amplified in 2011, under Governor Mitch Daniels, after Republicans claimed majority control of the statehouse in 2010. (They went on to establish a supermajority in 2012). The concept is school privatization, but the name it goes by in Indiana, and nationwide, is school choice. The initial arguments for privatization in Indiana were based on denigrating the achievements of urban school districts serving high poverty populations, in communities with lots of people of color. Under No Child Left Behind, all students' competence in reading and math was measured each year. Often districts with high poverty had very low scores. This came as no surprise to researchers, who have determined many times over that schools' standardized test scores correlate strongly with household income, as measured by free-and-reduced-lunch percentages. Indiana lawmakers told the press and the public that charter schools and private school vouchers—which allow money to follow students to private schools—would give poor children and their families a way to escape failing public schools.
The charter program in Indiana began in 2001 but was expanded in 2011. The voucher program was passed and launched in 2011. Under Governor Mike Pence, the pathways to vouchers expanded, the income limits went up, the users of vouchers became whiter and more affluent, and the program grew from under 10,000 students to the tens of thousands.[i]
Both charter schools and the voucher program siphon families and money out of the public school system. They siphon money away from schools that are accountable to their communities through elected school boards. Of course, having an elected board is not a guarantee of community representation. In Indianapolis, out-of-state money funneled through the astroturf group Stand for Children has resulted in a pro-privatization school board for Indianapolis Public Schools.[ii]
The departure of any family from the public school system weakens the school system. Fewer people are invested in the success, capacity, and infrastructure of the schools; fewer voices are contributing to the public conversation about what our schools should be and do. Fewer families are volunteering in the school, weeding the school garden, fundraising with the PTO, or receiving a palpable lesson in why it matters who is on your school board. Since schools receive the bulk of their funding through the per-pupil state tuition grant, when students leave, less money is available to be spread around to provide diverse programs and qualified teachers, nurses, social workers, counselors, librarians, and principals.
Initially, the argument for school privatization in Indiana used the rhetoric of equity and quality, with quality defined by performance on standardized tests. Since the Indiana programs have been in operation for several years, it is clear that the test score performance of charter and voucher schools is no better and often worse than that of the public schools serving similar demographics. Charters in Indiananapolis are more, not less, likely to be segregated environments than the public schools close by.[iii] Now that there is clear data to contradict the claim that charters and private schools are either more equitable or of higher quality than public schools, in the test-based terms they themselves set, privatizers have moved the goal posts, to "choice." Shouldn't families be able to use public dollars, they say, to have a choice in where they send their kids to school?
As the voucher and charter programs were explained and advertised as "school choice" to the public, one corollary fact was not included: Indiana residents might lose a choice that many of us have taken for granted for decades: the ability to send our kids to a local, well-resourced public school. The kind of school that serves lunch and participates in the federal school lunch program. The kind of school that provides transportation. The kind of school that has certified teachers and a library and is in a district obligated by law to accept all children in the attendance area, including those with extreme special needs, and to provide them a free and appropriate public education.
* * *
Pressures in Indiana to consolidate rural schools and school districts are not new, but they have intensified in the past eight years. Governor Daniels cut $300 million from the state budget for K-12 in 2009, during the recession. That money was never replaced even as the economy began to recover.
Indiana voters wrote tax caps into the state constitution through a referendum in 2010, devastating the ability of local governments to provide services.
Since 2011, public dollars being diverted from the public school system to charters and vouchers have ballooned. By the end of 2015, according to an analysis done by the Legislative Services Agency at the request of Democratic state representative Ed Delaney, $920 million had been spent on charters and vouchers.[iv]
The children pictured in the expensive marketing campaigns for "school choice" were children of color in inner-city schools. School choice has drawn resources out of those already beleaguered schools. School choice is having a broader impact, too. Stinesville Elementary School's enrollment had been declining for years, but it plunged after Indiana's school voucher program went into effect, drawing many students into religious schools.[v] That timing may have been coincidence. Only 15 children in the Richland-Bean Blossom attendance district used vouchers in 2013-2014. By 2016-2017, that number had increased to 41. R-BB receives about $5,700 per child, so 41 children fewer meant about $200,000 less in R-BB.
Also in 2016, a new charter school opened up in downtown Ellettsville. Its organizers had sought authorization from the Indiana Charter School Board, twice, before turning to Grace College and Theological Seminary, a private college in northern Indiana, several hours away from Monroe County.[vi] After Grace approved the charter, the Indiana State Board of Education loaned Seven Oaks Classical School $2 million to renovate an old school building that had once belonged to the Richland Bean-Blossom school corporation. In its first year of operation, Seven Oaks Classical School drew approximately 100 students from R-BB, and in the current 2017-2018 year, Superintendent Wilcox estimated that R-BB was receiving $342,000 less than they would have if they hadn’t lost students to Seven Oaks.
On top of the 2009 funding cuts, Richland Bean-Blossom was now losing money to “school choice”: $200,000 to vouchers, $340,000 to a charter. Separately, because it only had 150 students, R-BB administrators calculated that Stinesville Elementary cost them $621,000 each year that was not covered by the per-student tuition grant for 150 students. Would they feel the urgency to close the school if they had more students and $540,000 more annually in the operating fund to work with? Who can say?
* * *
Stinesville Elementary is the highest scoring elementary school in the Richland Bean Blossom school corporation, with 74.4% passing both English/language arts and math in 2017. (The new charter school in town, Seven Oaks, by contrast, had 37.4% pass both language arts and math. Stinesville and Seven Oaks serve similar rates of children who qualify for free and reduced lunch.) While the Stinesville personnel and parents are proud of the scores, they talk about the culture of the school. They love their principal, Mr. Glen Hopkins, a tall young man with a warm smile. They love that their kids are engaged and learning, not just reading and math, but also to work together and care for other people. They love the personal feel in the school, the small class sizes. They believe their school is an excellent school, and indeed the state assigned Stinesville an “A” rating this year. All the other Richland Bean Blossom schools received A’s, too.
At the community meeting, young parents are hoping to stave off the impending loss of an effective and beloved rural school. The superintendent tries to respond to some questions, as does the board president, Jimmy Durnil, who is also Ellettsville’s chief of police and president of the parks and recreation board. The other board members are silent, but they are there—Dana Kerr, Debra Merry, Larry Thrasher, and Randy Wright—sitting in front of their neighbors, strangers and acquaintances, people they are likely to see at the IGA, some of whom they may know from high school athletics decades before. A former Stinesville homecoming queen, from when Stinesville still had a high school, has worn her tiara, in her graying hair, and her sash.
Speakers in public comment have questions about the degree of investment in Stinesville Elementary over the years. They question the timing of letting the community know the school was being considered for closure, just about a month before the board would vote. They question whether more steps could be taken to attract students. They question the financial calculations made by the administration and the capacity of the other elementary schools, Edgewood Primary and Edgewood Intermediate, to absorb more students. They question the length of the bus rides for young kids and the disruption of the loving community that this school provides their children.
Nobody is drawing connections between this moment and Indiana’s school choice program, and why should they? Wasn’t that about failing schools? Wasn’t it about black and brown urban children? What could the decisions of the House Committee on Education and the Senate Committee on Education and Career Development have to do with this? Stand for Children, Indianapolis Public Schools, the charters authorized by the Indianapolis mayor’s office and Ball State, what do they have to do with this?
The leaders of the local private schools accepting vouchers are not in the room. Neither is the Seven Oaks board, which is required to hold public meetings, and does monthly, but is not elected. State representative Bob Heaton, whose district includes Ellettsville, has voted more than once to expand the voucher program. He is not here. It is only the Richland Bean Blossom board members, with their diminished finances and outsized power, sitting at the long tables, absorbing the anger and emotion of this tight-knit community.
When public comment is over, many in the Stinesville crowd have red eyes. They think the board has made up its mind. The vote is planned for October 23rd, five days away.
Mr. John Baker, gospel musician and Stinesville alumn:
"I drove down here on Stinesville Road and all I could think of was skee ball [and the other games we played in this gym]. I look at the cleanliness of this school and I walk in with a heavy heart almost as if I was going to a wake.
One of the board members said to me: What are you doing here?
My zip code changed, but my heart is right here in this town. There are grandmas who live in Michigan who got their education in this school, and went on to a good job and a good life. Right behind you there’s a sign that says Do the right thing, Treat people right. People in Georgia and Los Angeles remember this school.
I bleed Stinesville blood and I always will…and to you, you say it’s a hard decision. When this school is empty, the windows will be shattered by vandals. Look at this shining floor. We take care of it. When [you close this school] we are looking at the death of this town. Go ahead and hit that little button [the three-minute timer], but I want to tell you, this is Stinesville. When we consolidated, some of us went to Edgewood High School with big red S’s on our foreheads. All we’re saying is get the paper out of the way and think about what you are doing to this town."
[i] McInerny, Claire, “Five years later, Indiana’s voucher program functions very differently,” StateImpact Indiana. http://indianapublicmedia.org/stateimpact/2016/08/19/years-indianas-voucher-program-functions-differently/
[ii] Weddle, Eric, “How much money has Stand for Children spent on IPS board elections and Indiana lobbying?” https://www.wfyi.org/news/articles/how-much-money-stand-for-children-ips-school-board-elections-indiana-lobbying
[iii] “How charters became the most segregated schools in Indianapolis,” August 29, 2016, Chalkbeat Indiana. https://www.chalkbeat.org/posts/in/2016/08/29/how-charters-became-the-most-segregated-schools-in-indianapolis/
[v] Howell, Brittani, “R-BB considers closing Stinesville Elementary,” Herald-Times, Sept. 21, 2017.https://www.heraldtimesonline.com/news/local/r-bb-considers-closing-stinesville-elementary/article_ff6fe48d-cfb2-5889-afc6-844d0850efe2.html
[vi] The Indiana Coalition for Public Education—Monroe County is challenging the constitutionality of a private religious college authorizing charters, in federal court. Our suit names Seven Oaks as well as state officials.
We at ICPE-Monroe County believe that special education may be the target of the next attack on public education funding. Please join us as we bring together stakeholders for a panel discussion.
Date: October 26, 2017.
Time: 6:30–8:00 p.m.
Location: Monroe County Public Library, 303 E Kirkwood Ave, Bloomington, IN 47408
How to advocate for your child
What a community-based classroom looks like
Why we need certified special education teachers
How proposed state policy may hurt students with IEPs
Why federal protections under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act matter
Kathrina Cox, teacher, Monroe County Community School Corporation
Janet Decker, professor, Indiana University School of Education
Wendy Marencik, clinical professor, Indiana University School of Education
Audi McCullough, parent
Paula Teague, regional program specialist, IN*SOURCE
Debbie Fish, educator and state ICPE board member
Press release can be accessed here.
Flyer is here.
Please invite your friends.
Now that the Indiana General Assembly is funding a pilot program for pre-kindergarten students, it’s time to make sure all students in Indiana take kindergarten. Kindergarten is still not required for Indiana students.
At the very successful ICPE meeting in Indianapolis on August 26th, State Superintendent Jennifer McCormick spoke up for mandatory kindergarten.
Before the biggest audience since the fall ICPE meetings began at the Dean Evans Center in 2011, over one hundred ICPE members and other friends of public education heard former State Superintendents Suellen Reed and Glenda Ritz agree with Dr. McCormick, since both had supported unsuccessful efforts to require kindergarten when they were in office.
Dr. McCormick has advocated mandatory kindergarten in public comments since the meeting, saying that the estimated number of students who enroll in first grade without having kindergarten first is around 7000.
That is far too many students who in most cases are already behind when they enter first grade.
Let your legislators know that you support guaranteeing that students go to kindergarten. You can share with them the insightful argument that Dr. McCormick used at the August 26th meeting: It is not right to allow students who have had a year of pre-kindergarten at taxpayer expense to take a sabbatical for a year before they take first grade.
Transparency for Spending Public Funds
All three speakers agreed on another key point for public education: There should be transparency in reporting to the state for any school that takes public funds, whether it is a public, charter or private school. Jennifer McCormick, calling for transparency, asked if school choice is made available, “shouldn’t it be a quality choice?” She called for a “safety baseline” based on state standards, and compared the situation to quality standards set for restaurants by the Department of Health. She said if choices are made available, we should have “quality, not a free-for-all.”
The ICPE audience applauded.
Suellen Reed quoted Mark Twain: “The greatness of our American democracy comes from our public schools.”
Glenda Ritz said the United States must invest in children holistically, including wrap-around services.
All in all, it was a great discussion in support of the future of public education. Mandatory kindergarten and greater transparency in spending public funds were two important topics out of several discussed. They are two that deserve your support and the support of your legislators in the short session starting in January.
Thank you for your active support of public education in Indiana!
Vic Smith email@example.com
“Vic’s Statehouse Notes” and ICPE received one of three Excellence in Media Awards presented by Delta Kappa Gamma Society International, an organization of over 85,000 women educators in seventeen countries. The award was presented on July 30, 2014 during the Delta Kappa Gamma International Convention held in Indianapolis. Thank you Delta Kappa Gamma!
ICPE has worked since 2011 to promote public education in the Statehouse and oppose the privatization of schools. We need your membership to help support ICPE lobbying efforts. As of July 1st, the start of our new membership year, it is time for all ICPE members to renew their membership.
Our lobbyist Joel Hand represented ICPE extremely well during the 2017 budget session. We need your memberships and your support to continue his work. We welcome additional members and additional donations. We need your help and the help of your colleagues who support public education! Please pass the word!
Go to www.icpe2011.com for membership and renewal information and for full information on ICPE efforts on behalf of public education. Thanks!
Some readers have asked about my background in Indiana public schools. Thanks for asking! Here is a brief bio:
I am a lifelong Hoosier and began teaching in 1969. I served as a social studies teacher, curriculum developer, state research and evaluation consultant, state social studies consultant, district social studies supervisor, assistant principal, principal, educational association staff member, and adjunct university professor. I worked for Garrett-Keyser-Butler Schools, the Indiana University Social Studies Development Center, the Indiana Department of Education, the Indianapolis Public Schools, IUPUI, and the Indiana Urban Schools Association, from which I retired as Associate Director in 2009. I hold three degrees: B.A. in Ed., Ball State University, 1969; M.S. in Ed., Indiana University, 1972; and Ed.D., Indiana University, 1977, along with a Teacher’s Life License and a Superintendent’s License, 1998. In 2013 I was honored to receive a Distinguished Alumni Award from the IU School of Education, and in 2014 I was honored to be named to the Teacher Education Hall of Fame by the Association for Teacher Education – Indiana.
We are so grateful for all of our members! Some of you have generously contributed your time and/or money; some of you have attended a program or written a letter to your elected officials. Whatever you have done to help in any small or large way, we are just so happy to have you with us!
How We Spent the Annual Membership Fees
Each year, we carefully spend the funds we obtain through membership fees and general donations. Here is how we spent your contributions between August 2016 and July 2017. Please keep in mind that $25 of every combined state/local membership goes to the state level ICPE to support them and our lobbyist, Joel Hand. He is our voice at the statehouse.
Here’s a quick review of what we accomplished last year.
We Engaged Voters on the Issues
Each year we depend on our volunteers to take an hour or two at the Farmers' Market all season long to staff our ICPE booth--highlighting issues and enabling us to have conversations with our community. We also host a table at the Children’s Expo where we had discussions with local parents about the strength and importance of our public schools! From protesting ALEC in Indianapolis to our August 2016 showing of the movie “Go Public” for discussion, from our September forum for state legislative candidates, to our report card for state legislators, we have continued to do our best to raise awareness and inform the public about the work our schools do, and how our representatives think and vote on issues like privatization, charters and vouchers, school grades, and standardized testing. Our lovely “Beyond the Test Score—the Value of Music in Schools” forum last fall featured an eloquent panel of music educators and highlighted the beauty of just one aspect of a well-rounded education. Focusing on the positive helped us remind voters that the depth and breadth of programming in our schools is dependent on funding and their votes.
We Helped Organize the MCCSC Referendum Campaign
Last fall we poured our time, energy, and money into the referendum campaign for the Monroe County Community School Corporation. ICPE-Monroe County board members served as the volunteer coordinators for the effort to renew the local property tax that pays for many teachers and school programs. Our members helped staff the “Yes for MCCSC” office, donated, canvassed, called voters, and stood at the polls to ensure that our schools would continue to receive this essential revenue for the next six years. Monroe County voters supported our schools overwhelmingly, with 81% voting “yes.” Go team!
We Resisted the Trump/DeVos Education Agenda
After November’s election, many of us felt despair at the losses for public education. But when we heard that Betsy DeVos was nominated, we got to work. We fought the nomination in early 2017 with numerous calls to senators and conversations with their beleaguered staffers. When the public wanted to know what DeVos stood for, groups like ours, who have been fighting her agenda for years, were able to inform the country. The widespread outrage at her nomination showed us that our messages resonate. Public schools have a mission and responsibility to serve all children; public schools are at the core of our communities; public dollars belong in public schools. In February, we joined public education advocates from all over the state to rally for public education at the statehouse, a gathering sponsored by state-level ICPE. Our chair, Cathy Fuentes-Rohwer, spoke to hundreds about public education’s role in “Defending Democracy.”
We Collaborated with Local Institutions and Organizations
As we have become more of a presence in our local community, we’ve enjoyed combining efforts with other groups. In January, we put together a workshop called “Defending Public Schools” for the Inaugurate the Revolution day of activism in conjunction with some faculty from Indiana University. Also in conjunction with IU’s School of Education, last spring we participated with the Social Foundations of Education program in a semester-long series on “What is Public Education and Why Does it Matter?” At the end of the semester, we partnered with Harmony-Meier Institute to honor one of our founders, Ellen Brantlinger, in two events, “Community Conversations about Democracy and Our Schools with Deborah Meier” and “A Public Conversation about Public Education.” In addition, our chair, Cathy Fuentes-Rohwer, was invited to speak at Democracy for Monroe County’s link-up, “Saving Our Public Schools.”
We Filed a Lawsuit Challenging the Constitutionality of Seven Oaks’ Authorization by Grace College
In April of this year, we filed a lawsuit against the state and Seven Oaks Classical School, a charter school in Ellettsville. That the state grants a religious institution, Grace College and Seminary in Winona Lake, the authority to decide how to use our public tax dollars is deeply concerning to us as an organization. We are fortunate to have attorneys Alex Tanford and Bill Groth working on this suit on our behalf, pro bono. Last June we culminated a semester-long effort of informing the public with a meeting “Children Before Profits: Fighting the DeVos Education Agenda” in which Mr. Tanford spoke to our group about the lawsuit. Many people were shocked to learn that the authorizing institution (in this case Grace College and Seminary) gets 3% of the public funds received by the charter school.
We recently heard a presentation from Molly Stewart of the Center for the Evaluation of Educational Policy (CEEP) about ESAs (Education Savings Accounts). ESAs are like vouchers on steroids: parents withdraw public funds for any educational service and there is essentially no oversight. For special needs students, the parent waives the child’s rights under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) in order to receive a voucher. The bill which would establish this debit-card education policy in Indiana was withdrawn last legislative session. We fully expect to see it rear its ugly head sometime soon. Stay tuned for a program that will inform us further.
WE NEED YOU
Our committee for programs has been working on some ideas for this fall and next semester. We hope to put together a forum for late October or early November. We’re looking at another thought-provoking film on education that would make for interesting discussion. When the short legislative session begins, we’d like to get together some letter writers to make a concerted effort to raise awareness and protect public education from further attacks (like ESAs). And we always need volunteers to help with the table at the Farmers' Market. If you have ideas or passions that you’d like to focus on, please reach out. If you can spare some $, please send it our way! Whatever you can contribute--whether it's time, expertise, money, or spreading the word to friends--we really need your help. You can renew or join here, or just reach out to get in touch. The greater our membership, the more we can do.
Here’s to another active year!
P.S. If you have already renewed for the membership year that runs July 1, 2017, to June 30, 2018, many thanks! If you joined in June or later, your membership applies to this coming year. If you are uncertain about your membership status, our wonderful treasurer Judy Maki will be glad to answer any of your questions. Her e-mail is firstname.lastname@example.org.